Tag: oil

Commodity Review 20191004 by Andrew Pedler – Now Available

Commodity Review 20191004 by Andrew Pedler – Now Available

Comments of particular interest are noted with ‘*’. 

Matau’s Comments:  

  • OPEC+ participants are girding their loins for potentially more production cut commitments.
  • The USA – China tariff talks & trade wars continue to stunt trade oriented decisions.  Some unexpected consequences (see tin).
  • Base metal inventories continue to remain tight.  In a broad sense not much has changed.  Base metal prices are struggling to cope with the negative fears driven largely by the USA-China trade tensions.  Low base metal inventories are getting more attention in the media than previously. 

 SUMMARY  

*Copper  Trade wars continue to deter activity.  Outlook for future supply remains tight.

Cobalt  Co inventory from the previously failed Fanya Metal Exchange to be auctioned on Oct 5th.

*Nickel  Ni prices responding to low refined Ni stocks and looming ban on ore exports.

*Zinc & Lead  Northern Canadian infrastructure proposed to deliver remote new mine production.   IBG Citronen.

*Tin  A bad vegetable harvest stings tariff affected USA steel makers.

Aluminium  Vietnam imposes anti-dumping tariffs on Chinee products.

*Gold  “Global policy uncertainty is at an all-time high”.

Platinum & Palladium  Pd prices have run to record highs, on demand growth and supply deficit.

*Oil  Nigeria prepared to make cuts to meet its OPEC+ commitments.

Coal  Chinese buying of low price met coal imports continues.

*Iron Ore  India to auction mining leases.  May disrupt local supply and require imports to balance demand.

Shipping  Cape & Panamax rates reduced this week, on easier grain & iron ore demand.

General 

*Port of Singapore Shipping Traffic:  Bulk Carriers & Tankers +ve growth.

*USA – Construction Spending:  public non-residential spending +ve, but private residential is -ve.

*USA – PMI:  Still indicating a contracting manufacturing economy.

*Japan – Industrial Production:  Overall modest contraction in IP.

Commodity Review 20191004 by Andrew Pedler – Now Available

Commodity Review 20190816 by Andrew Pedler – Now available

USA – Housing Starts, Industrial Production, Electricity End-Use, Bond Yields

Matau’s Comments:  

  • USA   is slowing!  Data this week reinforces last week’s OECD CLI implications.
  • Base metal inventories continue to remain tight.   Most prices are in the ‘nose of pinch-point graphs.  Pinchpoint positions are mostly less than 1 week’s consumption.   However sentiment (geopolitical) continues to drive prices over fundamentals.  
  • Several metals (Ni & Co this week)  are showing signs that reduced supply is likely to lead to higher prices.
  • Outlook is for ‘not enough’ new mine supply in coming years (the next decade), for several key commodities. 

The theme of the Resources Rising Stars conference at the Gold Coast earlier this year is appropriate:  “Pick the stock, not the market”.

 

SUMMARY  

*Copper  Codelco optimistic about long term price for Cu.  Short term prices pressured by growth concerns.

*Cobalt  Co price is up on news that Glencore is shutting its large DRC mine.

*Nickel  Philippines’ largest exporter of ‘high’ grade Ni laterite ore is to shut upon depletion of its Reserves.

*Zinc & Lead  ORN calling for ongoing need for more Zn & Cu production.  Nyrstar Pb smelter stopped again.

*Tin  Trump acknowledges that tariffs increase domestic prices.  Delays new tariffs till after Christmas.

Aluminium  Beijing announced additional import scrap quotas.

*Gold  Gold price gains as faith in Central Banks is about to be tested again.

Platinum & Palladium  Progress … of sorts … being made in wage negotiations with AMCU..

*Oil  .Russia & China have stuck by Venezuela, though that may change.

Coal  A weaker CNY, a safety campaign, shipment restrictions, though premium HCC is preferred.

Iron Ore  Beijing’s stimulus restraint driven by low infrastructure spend, impacting prices.

Shipping  Baltic indices, Cape, Panamax & Handymax up this week.

*General 

Port Hedland – Iron Ore shipments:  Shipments down in July after a bumper June effort.

USA – Electricity End-Use:  Total demand slowing, mostly in residential demand.

USA – Bond Yields:  A historical review + Current 10yr-2yr curves ‘almost’ inverted.  10yr-3mo is!

USA – Industrial Production – Capacity Utilisation: Really slow IP growth.  Cap Util is sub optimal.

USA – Housing Starts:  House starts almost stalled.

Commodity Review 20191004 by Andrew Pedler – Now Available

Commodity Review – 20190802 by Andrew Pedler – Now Available

Yields – USA

Comments of particular interest are noted with ‘*’. 

Matau’s Comments:  

  • USA Yield curves are an odd shape in the current form, with a huge sag in the middle.  A review of current and pre-GFC curves shows some differences.  Some commentators consider the current duration has not been long enough.  Others comment on the ‘shape’ of the curves.  Opinions are invited.
  • Base metal inventories continue to remain tight.  Most prices are in the ‘nose of pinch-point graphs.  Pinchpoint positions are mostly less than 1 week’s consumption.  More media commentary is recognising this condition.  However sentiment (geopolitical) continues to drive prices over fundamentals.
  • The USA Fed met last week and cut rates a bit.  Trump took umbrage and announced further “taxes” (tariffs) on Chinese imports.  The markets took this hard, as a further level of uncertainty and volatility, and parts of the market appear to have capitulated.  Base metals’ contangos is one example.

SUMMARY  

*Copper  The size of the world copper market has been progressively underestimated.

*Cobalt  Indian JV Co formed to seek sources of Li, Co, et al.  Volvo cars with recycled Co produced.

*Nickel  BHP Group plans to start production of nickel sulphate in the Jun20Qtr.

Zinc & Lead  ZMI’s Kildare Zn project.  Pb supply improving (for now).

Tin  China switched to being a net exporter of refined tin last year.

*Aluminium:  quote: “Trump’s trade war with China is backfiring and impacting the US economy”.

Gold  Central Banks adding to holdings. Trump vows more tariffs on China. Global uncertainty increases.

Platinum & Palladium  WPIC upbeat on surge in Pt EFT holdings.

*Oil  USA share of growth is strong, with light crude;  heavier Iranian and Venezuelan output is down..

Coal  China again planning to limit imports, after a strong start to the year.

Iron Ore  China prices fell as Brazilian exports picked up, on Vale restarts.

Shipping  Freight rates slowed from a peak earlier in July.

General 

*USA – Yield Curves:  an examination of the current and an earlier period.  A signal not a cause.

USA – PMI:  Still positive, though still slower outlook.

*USA – Construction Spending:  -ve growth for Total and Private & Residential spends.

Japan – Industrial Production:  slow down for IP and several segments.

 

Commodity Review 20191004 by Andrew Pedler – Now Available

Commodity Review 20190308 by Andrew Pedler – Now Available

Australia Exploration,  USA

Comments of particular interest are noted with ‘*’. 

Matau’s Comments:  

Australian exploration spending is recovering, showing confidence in the medium to longer term, despite current geopolitical and sentiment noise.  The world is still looking for resolution to trade and tariff wars, and is starting to look through the noisy rhetoric of political announcements for the likely real impacts.  

This week, analyst comments on China see through the high level PMI numbers, showing that commodities imports are in fact growing.  

Toyota’s thinking on EVs is more commercial than most.

 SUMMARY  

*Copper  China’s imports of Cu ‘concentrates’ at new highs, though import of ‘refined’ Cu dipped.

*Cobalt  Lesson in boom-bust, though the Co outlook remains good.  It is all the timing of supply & demand.

*Nickel  Toyota’s battery philosophy!  INSG forecasts a fourth year of deficits for Ni.

Zinc & Lead  Glencore agreed Zn TCs with subsidiary Noranda Income Fund.  Secondary Pb to be ShFE listed.

Tin  Suspension of PT Surveyor Indonesia has ended, and it is able to export again.

Aluminium  Aluminium Bahrain (Alba) ramping up its line-6 potline.

*Gold  Monetary tightening expectations eased.  USA February jobs data is encouraging (patience).

Platinum & Palladium  Details of the world’s eight largest palladium producers.  Pd price is approaching 2x Pt price !

*Oil  A myriad of factors:  Expect USA to be disciplined by prices, and Saudi & Russia balance the mkt.

Coal  Seaborne HCC prices buoyant.  Thermal negotiations under way.  USA coal shipments hindered.

Iron Ore  China’s iron ore imports at a 10 mo low in February.

Shipping  Cape rates still suffering.  Panamax & Supramax rates are up.

General 

*Australia – Mineral & Energy Exploration:  Mineral & Petroleum spending continued recovery.

*Port Hedland – Iron ore shipments:  Small positive 12 mo growth for yr to February.

*China:  Caixin & NBS PMIs & GDP – Clyde says ‘look at commodity imports’.

*USA – House Starts:  Negative growth though better than December’s fall.

*USA Construction Spending:  slow positive growth but residential spend is down.

Commodity Review 20191004 by Andrew Pedler – Now Available

CommodityReview 20190215 by Andrew Pedler – Now Available

Venezuela

Comments of particular interest are noted with ‘*’.

Supply issues continue to abound, keeping some tension in most metals markets.  However as China’ ShFE resumed trading, seasonal factors are reported to have led to significant increases in Cu and Zn stock on that exchange.

Geopolitical factors continue to daunt and disrupt global investment and industrial markets.

SUMMARY  

*Copper  Outlook improved on: Chinese funding stimuli, & USA  China trade talks, & dearth of new projects.

*Cobalt  Outlook for ample Co supply, (DRC and others) for the next few years.  Low cash costs needed.

Nickel  PAN restarts Savannah.  KGHM Sudbury shutters Morrison.  Importance of Ni in Li batteries.

*Zinc & Lead  Qld floods disrupt transport for at least a month.  MYR reports world-largest primary Pb Resource.

Tin  Potential demand surge from Li batteries from ~ 2020, though surpluses forecast this year.

Aluminium  China’s Al exports at record high.  Iranian Al output increasing.

Gold  Investors awaiting further developments before making big moves.

Platinum & Palladium  Pd market in deficit.  Pt market in oversupply.

*Oil  Asian oil refineries stuck between OPEC production cuts and USA sanctions.

Coal  Spot met-coal buying by Chinese resumed.  Australian total coal exports up in 2018.

*Iron Ore  Chinese iron ore mines not likely assist supply, instead may cut output due to grades and costs.

Shipping  Asian freight markets returned strongly post Lunar New Year.

General 

Port of Singapore – ship traffic:  Tanker & Bulks traffic strong in January ahead of Lunar NY.

Baker Hughes Rig Counts – World & North America:  rigs widely increasing (lagging oil price).

Japan – LNG prices:  tracking (lagging) oil price movements.